After trying unsuccessfully to make a move into the Philippines, Leopold set his sights on controlling the Congo. He came in with promises of helping the native inhabitants, and became the sole owner of the Congo Free State. His secret goal: to quietly pillage the natural resources, including the inhabitants. After finding the returns a disappointment in the collection of ivory, Leopold made a killing by hiring a private army assigned to force locals to collect sap from rubber plants at a time when that business was booming. Leopold essentially enslaved the locals and kept quiet the atrocities that became part and parcel of his rule. When villagers did not meet quotas, his forces cut off their hands. His regime was responsible for the deaths of millions of Congolese.
KINSHASA, Congo -- The Congolese government is naming a town after Patrice Lumumba, the country's first prime minister whose assassination more than 50 years ago made him a liberation symbol worldwide.
The new city in central Congo, named Lumumbaville, will be made of several existing communities in the Kassai-Oriental province and will be more than 1,500 kilometers (930 miles) from the capital.
Government spokesman Lambert Mende said Tuesday that Lumumbaville will "honor the memory of a great Congolese statesman."
Lumumba was elected prime minister when Belgium granted independence to Congo in 1960 after almost a century of colonial rule.
The responsibility for Lumumba's 1961 death remains a mystery. Lumumba's son, Laurent, welcomed the creation of a town in his father's honor but called on the government to conclusively determine who assassinated him.
Nh?ng âm muu ám sát:
A Congo Chronicle: Patrice Lumumba in Urban Art:
Lumumba - a political drama:
The Last Letter of Patrice Lumumba: