04-11-13

Peace Talks Syria - Geneva 2: Bombing Israeli warplanes

October 31, 2013

Israeli warplanes struck a Syrian air defense base near the port city of Latakia on Thursday, US official have confirmed to media.

An Obama administration official told AP that the attack happened overnight on Thursday, but provided no details. Another security official told the news agency that it took place in the Syrian port city of Latakia, and that the targets were Russian-made SA-125 missiles.

http://news.antiwar.com/2013/11/01/israel-furious-as-white-house-confirms-latest-syria-attack/

http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/idf-intelligence-chief-israel-s-next-war-will-see-heavy-casualties-1.322484

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Israel a Major Obstacle to Peace

May 23, 2009 – Syria: Israel A “Major Obstacle” To Peace
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503543_162-5035594-503543.html

May 23, 2009 – Associated Press – Syria’s Assad: Israel Is ‘Obstacle’ to Peace
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,521417,00.html

7.13.09 Syria to EU: Israel obstacle to peace – Israel News, Ynetnews
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3745949,00.html

May.23, 2009 – Assad: Israel is the major obstacle to peace
http://www.haaretz.com/news/assad-israel-is-the-major-obs...

4 June 2008 – Normalizing occupation: Syria, Israel and “peace talks”
http://electronicintifada.net/content/normalizing-occupat...

MARCH 2005 – CAN ISRAEL AND SYRIA REACH PEACE ? OBSTACLES, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
http://www.bakerinstitute.org/publications/wp_israelsyria...

Israel Buys the US Congress: Sabotaging the US-Iran Peace Negotiations
http://www.globalresearch.ca/israel-buys-the-us-congress-sabotaging-the-us-iran-peace-negotiations/5356541

03-11-13

Latest News Syria: Syrian people demonstrating

Nov 3, 2013

Homs, (SANA) – For the second consecutive day, the people of the Rastan city in Homs countryside demonstrated against the armed terrorist groups on Sunday.

SANA reporter said that more than 1000 persons took to streets, chanting slogans against the terrorists and calling for the Syrian Arab Army to eliminate these groups.

They stressed that the terrorists are responsible for the current situation in the city.

M. Nassr

http://213.178.225.235/eng/337/2013/11/03/510650.htm

Latest News Syria: 50 billion for reconstruction












 
 







Nov 3, 2013
 

Damascus, (SANA)- The government on Sunday briefed the People's Assembly on its statement on a draft law on the general state budget for the fiscal year 2014 estimated at SYP 1390 billion.

Appropriations for running operations were valued at SYP 1010 billion, while those for investment operations were set at SYP 380 billion, with an increase of SYP 105 billion compared to 2013 budget.

Subsidies appropriations were estimated at SYP 615 billion, recording a SYP 103 billion increase over budget of 2013.

The draft law also included SYP 50 billion for reconstruction and public property rehabilitation works and compensation for private property losses caused by the current events in the country.

Minister of Finance Ismael Ismael pointed out that the government has adopted a new approach when drafting the 2014 budget that is complementary to the measures taken in 2013 in terms of activating economic and social action and giving priority to the agricultural and industrial sector.

He added that the 2014 budget goes in line with the circumstances and developments facing the national economy in light of the current crisis with focusing on controlling public spending.

In terms of the investment appropriations, the Minister noted that priority was given to vital projects and projects with high implementation percentage.

The Assembly later referred a draft law on establishing a general commission named the Syrian Commission for Family and Population Affairs and another draft law ratifying an agreement to establish the Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Western Asia, affiliated to the United Nations.

H. Said

http://213.178.225.235/eng/24/2013/11/03/510548.htm

Latest news Syria: half of the population now live in poverty

A destroyed factory in the northwestern Syrian city of Aleppo (file photo)

Syrian Minister of Industry Kamaleddine Tohme says the ongoing conflict in his country has taken a heavy toll on Syria’s industrial sector, and cost it over two billion dollars.

Nov. 3, 2013

"The losses in the industrial sector from the start of the Syrian crisis till October total 336 billion Syrian pounds ($2.2 billion)," Tohme said in a statement published in the Damascus-based al-Watan newspaper on Sunday. 

He further noted that the private industrial sector has lost $1.5 billion, adding that the public industry has suffered $700 million. 

Tohme underlined that the figures did not reflect the losses that foreign-sponsored Syrian militants have incurred in areas under their control. 

A report commissioned by UN agencies in October stated that the devastating conflict in Syria has left over half of the country's population in poverty. 

"More than half of the population now live in poverty, with 7.9 million people becoming poor since the beginning of the crisis, of whom 4.4 million now live in extreme poverty," said the report.

It also put the unemployment rate at 48.6 percent, saying 49 percent of Syria’s children were out of school as education "is in the midst of a silent disaster." 

The report further noted that Syria’s gross domestic product (GDP) has contracted by 34.3 percent in the first quarter of 2013, and 39.6 percent in the second, compared to that of last year, and is in a state of “spectacular collapse.” 

Syria also suffered a total economic loss of $103.1 billion (75 billion euros) by the first quarter of 2013. The amount is equivalent to 147 percent of Syria's 2010 GDP at constant prices. 

Western powers and their regional allies -- especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey -- are supporting the militants operating inside the country. 

http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/11/03/332783/conflict-costs-syria-industry-22bn/

Latest News Syria: Syrian troops take full control of al-Sfeira town

 
Units of Syrian Army troops have taken full control of al-Sfeira town in Syria’s northwestern province of Aleppo and killed dozens of foreign-sponsored militants.


Sun Nov 3, 2013

Syrian troops liberated the town on Sunday after fierce exchange of fire with the gunmen fighting to topple President Bashar al-Assad’s government, the official SANA news agency reported. 

Syrian soldiers seized various kinds of weapons and munitions following the gun battle and defused more than 700 improvised explosive devices planted by militants in the town’s streets. 

Government forces also destroyed several cars used by terrorists, among them 35 pickup trucks equipped with heavy machine guns, as well as three 107-millimeter rocket launchers. 

Moreover, Syrian army units discovered six makeshift workshops used by foreign-backed militants to manufacture a range of weapons, three warehouses full of ammunition and gas cylinders, long tunnels dug by anti-government armed men and classified documents. 

On Saturday, Syrian troops regained full control of two areas in Sadad town, situated 101 kilometers (63 miles) northeast of the capital, Damascus, following heavy clashes with militants. 

Syrian forces also inflicted heavy losses on the militants in the countryside of Idlib, with the army saying that it has destroyed many of the militants’ hideouts as well as their weapons and ammunition. 

Syria has been gripped by deadly unrest since 2011. Reports indicate that the Western powers and their regional allies -- especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey -- are supporting the militants operating inside the country. 

http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/11/03/332804/syrian-troops-seize-northwestern-town/

Syrian army keeps repelling 'militants' near capital
http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/11/03/332680/syrian-army-keeps-repelling-militants/

Geneva 2 Syria: China

China supports Geneva II conference on Syria

October 31, 2013

Damascus: China has supported efforts to find a political solution of persisting Syrian crisis and supported the Geneva II conference in this regard. 

The Chinese ambassador to Syria Zhang Xun said Wednesday that China deems the political solution and the Geneva II conference on Syria as "necessary" in light of the current situation in the war-torn country, Xinhua reported. 

"We all deem the political solution and convening the Geneva II conference as necessary, particularly in light of the current situation. 

"The military solution has no way out, and any party of the conflict can't defeat the others," Zhang said after meeting the visiting UN-Arab League joint special envoy Lakhdar Brahimi. 

"Brahimi has provided us with the results of his Middle East tour," the ambassador remarked about his meeting with Brahimi, stressing that China "actively support convening the Geneva II conference in order to reach for a political solution to the Syrian issue." 

He also reiterated his country's rejection of any form of foreign military intervention in Syria, saying that "we reject the foreign military intervention and wish for a ceasefire and a halt of violence in Syria. 

"We support the work of Brahimi, and exert efforts in dealing with concerned Syrian parties."

The long-awaited Geneva II conference on Syria aims to bring the government and the opposition to one table by the end of November to hammer out a political solution to end the suffering of all Syrians.

IANS

http://zeenews.india.com/news/world/china-supports-geneva-ii-conference-on-syria_887157.html

Latest News Syria: Geneva 2

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As a reminder:

Free Syrian Army wants guns and heavy weapons

Brussels, 5.4.2013

General Selim Idris, Chief of Staff of the Free Syrian Army was in the European Parliament, where he was invited by warmonger Guy Verhofstadt, leader of the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats ‘for Europe’.

Idris said that his army needed the West to supply “weapons and ammunition” so that his forces can “defend themselves.”

He said that, if such support arrived, “The regime will collapse in a month.” He added that Syrians supporting the rebellion didn’t understand why the West had an arms embargo.

“The people say they don’t understand why international community sees the news on TV and just speak, saying ‘Assad has to go’. There is no real action,” he said.

He was supported by ALDE President, Guy Verhofstadt, who said that there was “a growing consensus in Europe that the Syrian conflict cannot go on interminably.” The Liberal leader also said that arms should be supplied “in order that you can defend yourselves.”

According to the liberals, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Catherine Ashton has to make proposals to the 27 EU Member states. In their view, Lady Ashton’s response is currently “mostly passive”.

Both France and Britain have indicated that they are prepared to reconsider the embargo on arming the western backed ‘rebels’…

Photo: Chief of Staff of the ‘Free Syrian Army’ Gen. Salim Idris addresses the media after he discussed the situation in Syria with Guy Verhofstadt, right, at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday March 6, 2013.

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Liberal politics: 'Non-military security'

Liberals recognise the contribution to peace made by aid-driven democratisation and development. We believe that we should be more flexible and open minded in our approach to security. The result of this would be to transfer more political commitment and money from military security to non-military security.

http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_11_03/Syria-says-Kerry-statements-threaten-peace-talks-5696/

http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_10_29/Damascus-to-send-delegates-to-Geneva-2-despite-opposition-boycott-Syrian-Ambassador-3579/

http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_10_31/Russia-proposes-to-hold-a-meeting-in-Moscow-with-Syrian-members-of-govt-and-opposition-MFA-2646/

Latest News Syria: Geneva 2

syria-verhofstadt-terrorists.jpg
Syrian.terrorists.Selim Idriss.verhofstadt.jpg
 
Photo: European Parliament, Brussels - Guy Verhofstadt pleading for weapons deliveries to the so called opposition groups (Al Quaeda, Top commander of foreign-backed militants in Syria Brigadier General Idris). Belgian former Prime Minister Verhofstadt who is leader of the group of liberals within the European Parliament and still pleads for military intervention in Syria. has good relations wiith the Belgian and European weapons industry.  It is this kind of politicians which are reponsible for the terrorist attacks in Syria.

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November 3, 2013

Damascus, (SANA) - A mortar shell fired by terrorists landed in a textile factory near Mar Elias church at the entrance of al-Dweil'a neighborhood in Damascus on Sunday, causing huge fire in the factory, but no one was hurt.

A source at the Police Command told SANA that the factory was completely burned down and the fire spread to a number of shops and a workshop for assembling cars.

20131103-154031.jpg

The source added that firefighters managed to extinguish the fire, pointing out that the fire caused large material damage to the shops in the site with no human casualties.

The source added that firefighters managed to extinguish the fire, pointing out that the fire caused large material damage to the shops in the site with no human casualties.

 20131103-154059.jpg

20131103-154117.jpg

20131103-154135.jpg

B. Mousa/ H. Said

http://213.178.225.235/eng/337/2013/11/03/510542.htm

Latest News Syria: Russia, Japan


Nov 2, 2013

Tokyo, (SANA)_ Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that there are attempts to distort the meaning of the US-Russian initiative on holding Geneva 2 international conference on Syria .

"There are too many games around this initiative. There are attempts if not to derail the process completely , then to distort the meaning, to send it off onto the path that is too unrealistic and will prove to be a dead end," Russia today quoted Lavrov as saying in a joint press conference with in Tokyo on Saturday following his talks with Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida.

Lavrov hailed Tokyo's confirmation on its intention to adopt the policy of active peace.

For his part, Japanese Foreign Minister Kishida stressed that Moscow supported the idea of Japan's participation in the international conference on Syria.

H. Zain/ Mazen

http://213.178.225.235/eng/22/2013/11/02/510298.htm

http://russiancouncil.ru/en/inner/?tag_4=syria#top

Latest News Syria

Nov. 2, 2013

Provinces, (SANA)- The Syrian Arab army on Saturday intensified operations targeting the armed terrorist groups in different regions, killing scores of them and eliminating their criminal weapons.

Terrorists killed in al-Nabek and Yabroud

Army units eliminated whole terrorist groups in Damascus countryside, destroying weapons and ammunition for them.

A military source told SANA that army units eliminated two terrorist groups in Wadi al-Majar west of Wadi al-Sarkha in al-Nabek and in Yabroad area in Damascus countryside.

Army units kill terrorists, destroy weaponry in Damascus countryside

The army units made a major advancement in pursuing terrorists in al-Sbeineh area and carried out a series of accurate operations, eliminating whole terrorist groups in Barzeh neighborhood, eastern Ghouta and the southern and northern countryside of Damascus.

An official source said that an army unit killed 11 terrorists and destroyed their weapons east of Tishreen Hospital in Barzeh neighborhood, as another unit killed more than 10 terrorists on Zamalka axis and south of the Electricity Company in Jobar neighborhood. The terrorist Mohammad Halawa was identified among the dead.

Deep into eastern Ghouta, more than 15 terrorists were killed in an ambush by an army unit on al-Kasemieh and al-Dilbeh axis, among them Diaa Jom'a.

A qualitative operation resulted in destroying a factory for manufacturing explosives in Deir al-Asafir town.

The source added that army units pounded terrorists' hideout in Alya farms and killed the terrorists inside, among them Majed Tabajo, as other units destroyed a den for terrorists with the weapons and ammunitions inside, killing numbers of them in Mdeira town south of Duma city, among them Mohammad Wehbe.

Army units clashed with armed terrorist groups in al-Jami'yat neighborhood and in the vicinity of al-Sayyeda Sukaina shrine in Daraya city, killing 4 terrorists, as army units made advancement on al-Jami'yat neighborhood axis in al-Sbineh town in Damascus southern countryside.

Terrorists' dens have been destroyed between al-Sahl and Yabroud towns and killed the terrorists inside them, among them Mohammad Zahlawi as another unit killed the terrorist Jamal Ali in one of Yabroud farms.

Army kills terrorists in Deir Ezzor city

An army unit killed many members of armed terrorist groups in a series of operations targeting their dens in the neighborhoods of al-Rushdiyeh, al-Hwaiqa and the old airport in the city of Deir Ezzor.

A military source told SANA reporter that terrorists Ahmad Saleh al-Khleif, Abdul-Salam Issa al-Hamed and Hassan Eid were identified among the dead.

ISIS terrorist groups' leaders killed in Lattakia countryside

Terrorists linked to the so-called The Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), which is affiliated to al-Qaeda, were killed in several villages and towns in the northern countryside of Lattakia and scores of their dens and cars loaded with rockets were destroyed.

SANA reporter quoted a military source as saying that an army unit killed 6 terrorists and destroyed three cars, one of which loaded with rockets, in Burj Zahiyeh village. Among the dead were Aref Rustum and Adnan Jarjoureh.

Another army unit carried out a special operation in which it killed 19 terrorists and destroyed a truck loaded with rockets in al-Aliyeh village. Terrorists Abo Majed al-Hali, Marwan al-Shaar, Mahmoud Jamal-Eddin and Yehia al-Kizbari were identified among the dead.

Meanwhile, an attempt by terrorists to infiltrate Hakro village was foiled as they were repelled by army soldiers and six of them were killed, including an Iraqi terrorist who is leader of one of the terrorist groups in the area.

An army unit also confronted armed terrorist groups which tried to attack army posts in al-Daghmashliyeh village and killed two of their members; Aqil al-Bustani and Ahmad al-Sayyed.

Scores of terrorist groups' leaders were killed and two ammunition-loaded cars and mortar rounds were destroyed in a special operation carried out by an army unit in Salma area.

The killed terrorists included leaders of the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham in Salam and its surrounding, al-Ansar Battalion and Ahbab al-Nabi Battalions , who are from Yemen, Libya and Iraq.

Terrorists Abboud al-Nu'aimi from Saudi Arabia and Nizar Abdullatif from Egypt were identified among the dead, in addition to Saleh Abdul-Qader al-Saqa and Khalid Tarboush.

Bomb-making workshop destroyed in Daraa

A series of special operations were carried out against terrorist groups in several areas in the city and countryside of Daraa in which many terrorists were killed and injured, in addition to the destruction of a workshop for making explosive devices.

A military source told SANA that units of the armed forces killed a number of terrorists in operations against their gatherings between al-Nakhleh area and al-Sad road and near al-Shorta buildings in al-Abbassiyeh neighborhood in the city.

A number of the terrorists' cars which were loaded with weapons and ammunition were destroyed, according to the source.

Terrorist Ahmad al-Shamlouni from Palestine was identified among the dead, in addition to Mustafa Fawaz Ayash and Fahmi Ahmad al-Abd.

The source added that the army units destroyed a workshop for making explosive devices and several terrorists' dens were destroyed in the areas of Atman, Dael and Tafas in the western countryside of Daraa.

Members of armed terrorist groups were killed and injured in the villages of Abo Ghara, al-Hairan and Ghadir al-Bustan. Terrorists Abdullah Mohammad al-Zamel, Abdul-Munem Mohammad al-Issa and Abdo Ismael al-Jalil were among the dead.

Heavy losses were inflicted upon terrorists' gatherings in Tal al-Summen, Nawa and Busr al-Harir and the villages of al-Mseika and al-Khawabi, leaving many of the terrorists dead, including Ahmad Mohammad Ali Kiwan.

Scores of terrorists killed in special operations in Homs

A unit of the armed forces carried out a special operation against a terrorist group's den in al-Qaryatain area, killing two of its members, a military source told SANA reporter.

The source added that three terrorists' cars were destroyed in Hawsh al-Salloum, while terrorists' gatherings were destroyed in several areas in al-Rastan area.

A rocket launch pad was destroyed in al-Dar al-kabira village and members of an armed terrorist group were killed to the north of Talaf village, according to the source.

Scores of terrorists were killed in special operations in the neighborhoods of Bab Hood, al-Warsheh, al-Safsafeh, al-Hamidiyeh and al-Qusour.

An army unit pursued terrorist groups in Mahin area, eliminating many of their members and confiscating their weapons and ammo, including mortar launchers.

The army also dismantled 17 explosive devices of various sizes and shapes which terrorists had planted on the Sadad-Mahin road and rigged for remote detonation.

Another unit destroyed a rocket launcher in the village or Rahoum in Jeb al-Jarrah area, eliminating all members of a terrorist group.

Terrorists' hideouts targeted in Damascus Countryside

The army units destroyed terrorists' gatherings and hideouts with all the weapons and ammunition inside them to the south of Housh Arab and Adra, north of al-Sahel, south-east of al-Jarajir in al-Nabek and norht of Yabroud in Damascus Countryside.

Army eliminates terrorists in Idleb countryside

A military source told SANA that units of the armed forces eliminated armed terrorist groups and destroyed scores of cars loaded with weapons and ammunition in the area surrounding Jabal al-Araba'in in Idleb countryside.

The source added that a number of terrorists were killed in the villages of Kfer Shalaya, Abu al-Dohour, Mantaf, Bzabour, Ma'arzaf, Masibin and al-Hamameh in Jisr al-Shughour and in Kfer Roma and east of Serjeh in Maarat al-Nu'man.

In Wadi al-Deif area in Ma'aret al-Nu'man, an army unit eliminated all members of a terrorist group and destroyed their equipment.

Army carries out operations against terrorists' gatherings in Hasaka

In Hasaka, SANA reporter quoted an official source in the province as saying that units of the armed forces carried out operations against the terrorists'gatherings and hideouts in the areas of Ajajeh al-Gharbieh, and the poultry establishment, 7 April Dam, the building of al-Jbesieh Wells Department in al-Shadadi and al-Makbra village in Hasaka countryside and Tal Hamis town in Qamishli countryside.

Terrorist groups' members killed in clashes among them in Daraa countryside

Clashes erupted between armed terrorist groups in Um al-Mayazen town in Daraa countryside, resulting in the death and injury of a number of their members.

ISIS terrorists killed in fighting in Eteira village, Lattakia

In Eteira village in Lattakia, a fighting broke out among terrorist groups linked to the ISIS resulting in the destruction of a thermal rocket cache, a rocket launcher, a heavy cannon and a 23 mm anti-aircraft gun.

Scores of the groups' members were killed in the fighting, including terrorists from Kazakhstan, Dagestan and Turkey. Two women were identified among the dead.

Army units eliminate terrorists in Aleppo and its countryside

Army units targeted gatherings of terrorists in the areas of al-Rashidin and al-Mansoura in Aleppo city, eliminating a number of them and injruign others.

Other units destroyed a large number of vehicles used by terrorists near Aleppo Central Prison, the areas of al-Sheikh Najjar and Hreitain, and west of Tal Refa'at.

An army unit destroyed rocket launch platforms, mortar launchers and terrorist hideouts in the areas of al-Jdaideh and Kwayres, eliminating a number of terrorists and injuring others.

English Bulletin

http://213.178.225.235/eng/337/2013/11/02/510306.htm

02-11-13

Geneva-2 preparations Syria: Moscow unhappy

Russia and Syria

21 October, 2013

Moscow unhappy with intention of Friends of Syria Group to discuss Geneva-2 preparations separately

Moscow is opposed to unofficial discussions on the Syrian settlement and is surprised that preparations for the Geneva-2 conference has been declared as a part of the agenda of the Friends of Syria Group meeting in London on October 22, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

"We have always aspired when working on Syria to act as a consolidated platform and to avoid various unofficial - separate, to be precise - discussions. The UN Security Council Resolution 2118 passed on September 27 namely calls for joint work. The fact that the agenda of the meeting mentioned includes preparations for the international conference on Syria, raises questions," the Russian Foreign Ministry quoted Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov as saying in a statement posted on its website.

http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_10_21/Moscow-unhappy-with-intention-of-Friends-of-Syria-Group-to-discuss-Geneva-2-preparations-separately-0631/

http://syriatimes.sy/

01-11-13

French intentions in Syria

French intentions in Syria: Sykes–Picot Agreement

The Sykes–Picot Agreement, officially known as the Asia Minor Agreement, was a secret agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and France, with the assent of Russia, defining their proposed spheres of influence and control in the Middle East should the Triple Entente succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War I. The negotiation of the treaty occurred between November 1915 and March 1916. The agreement was concluded on 16 May 1916.

The agreement effectively divided the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of future British and French control or influence. The terms were negotiated by the French diplomat François Georges-Picot and British Sir Mark Sykes. The Russian Tsarist government was a minor party to the Sykes–Picot agreement, and when, following the Russian Revolution of October 1917, the Bolsheviks exposed the agreement, 'the British were embarrassed, the Arabs dismayed and the Turks delighted.'

Britain was allocated control of areas roughly comprising the coastal strip between the sea and River Jordan, Jordan, southern Iraq, and a small area including the ports of Haifa and Acre, to allow access to the Mediterranean. France was allocated control of south-eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. Russia was to get Istanbul, the Turkish Straits and the Ottoman Armenian vilayets. The controlling powers were left free to decide on state boundaries within these areas. Further negotiation was expected to determine international administration pending consultations with Russia and other powers, including the Sharif of Mecca.

In May 1917 W. Ormsby-Gore wrote "French intentions in Syria are surely incompatible with the war aims of the Allies as defined to the Russian Government. If the self-determination of nationalities is to be the principle, the interference of France in the selection of advisers by the Arab Government and the suggestion by France of the Emirs to be selected by the Arabs in Mosul, Aleppo, and Damascus would seem utterly incompatible with our ideas of liberating the Arab nation and of establishing a free and independent Arab State. The British Government, in authorising the letters despatched to King Hussein [Sharif of Mecca] before the outbreak of the revolt by Sir Henry McMahon, would seem to raise a doubt as to whether our pledges to King Hussein as head of the Arab nation are consistent with French intentions to make not only Syria but Upper Mesopotamia another Tunis. If our support of King Hussein and the other Arabian leaders of less distinguished origin and prestige means anything it means that we are prepared to recognise the full sovereign independence of the Arabs of Arabia and Syria. It would seem time to acquaint the French Government with our detailed pledges to King Hussein, and to make it clear to the latter whether he or someone else is to be the ruler of Damascus, which is the one possible capital for an Arab State, which could command the obedience of the other Arabian Emirs."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes%E2%80%93Picot_Agreement

US, Britain, France repeat imperial intentions in Syria
http://youtu.be/WTBt23IP1xs

http://www.marxists.org/subject/arab-world/lutsky/ch27.htm

Syria and the French, 1918–1946
http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540839.001.0001/acprof-9780199540839-chapter-7