Painting: 'Large Nude In Red Armchair', Pablo Picasso 1929
“La tête chez les femmes n'est pas un organe essentiel.” (Anatole France)
Teaching then is the initial and decisive factor in the future of mankind, and the first duty of everyone who has the ability and opportunity, is to teach, or to subserve the teaching of, the true history of mankind…Men and women can help the spread of the saving doctrine in a thousand various ways; for it is not only in homes and schools that minds are shaped. They can print and publish books, endow schools and teaching, organize the distribution of literature, insist upon the proper instruction of children in world wide charity and fellowship, fight against every sort of suppression or restrictive control of right education, bring pressure through political and social channels upon every teaching organization to teach history aright, sustain missions and a new sort of missionary, the missionaries to all mankind of knowledge and the idea of one world civilization and one world community; they can promote and help the progress of historical and ethnological and political science, they can set their faces against every campaign of hate, racial suspicion, and patriotic falsehood, they can refuse, they are bound to refuse, obedience to any public authority which oppresses and embitters class against class, race against race, and people against people. A belligerent government as such, they can refuse to obey; and they can refuse to help or suffer any military preparations that are not directed wholly and plainly to preserving the peace of the world.
From The Salvaging of Civilization (1921)
RUSSIE - CIRCA la fin du 19 - début 20 e siècle Une photo ancienne montre femme, Lugansk, l'Empire russe, aujourd'hui Ukraine (Russian texte Umanskiy - photographe, Lugansk)
Sartre admirait 'les valeurs démocratiques' américaines, le jazz et Hollywood ; mais, pourfendeur de l'impérialisme et des discriminations raciales, il est finalement taxé d'antiaméricanisme.
En 1964, au moment où Martin Luther King obtient le Nobel de la paix, Sartre refuse celui de littérature. Sartre : "En ce pays, un homme sur dix est privé de ses droits politiques. En cette terre d'égalité et de liberté vivent 13 millions d'intouchables."
9.7.2013 - 'Sartre, l'Américain':
L'"Américanisme" est-il un humanisme? Sartre aux Etats-Unis (1945-46):
L’héritage de Sartre réactivé dans “Une renaissance sartrienne:
'Le regard d’Autrui comme miroir déformant':
Part one of a multiple artist's book from the Himalayas, made by Vincent Delbrouck
TIPI bookshop :
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'The Tipi Bookshop, will be more than just a Shop where you will find Books. My aim, my journey, by creating this project, is to open a space devoted to self-published photography books, small publishers, last but foremost a space where everyone can sit and learn from each other's journey.' (V.D.)
La nature est tout ce qu’on voit,
Tout ce qu’on veut, tout ce qu’on aime.
Tout ce qu’on sait, tout ce qu’on croit,
Tout ce que l’on sent en soi-même.
Elle est belle pour qui la voit,
Elle est bonne à celui qui l’aime,
Elle est juste quand on y croit
Et qu’on la respecte en soi-même.
Regarde le ciel, il te voit,
Embrasse la terre, elle t’aime.
La vérité c’est ce qu’on croit
En la nature c’est toi-même.
James Gralton – Man from the Future
James Gralton was born in 1886 in Effernagh in Co.Leitrim and grew up on a poor farm of just 25 acres. He left school at 14 and found local conditions of employment too poor and intolerable to him so he went to Dublin and joined the British army. There he refused to shine the leggings and buttons of officers and received 84 days bread and water. He then refused to serve in India in protest of British polices in Ireland and for this was imprisoned for a year and then deserted. He next experienced the hard life on the Liverpool docks and Welsh coalfields but in 1909 moved to New York where he settled. He had by now seen and been affected by the modern world and had become a socialist. In New York he established the James Connolly Club and became active in the trade union movement there.
In 1922 he made his first visit home and built the Pearse-Connolly Hall in his native Effernagh to replace the previous parish hall which had been burnt down by the British army in reprisal for a shooting of an officer. The hall quickly became an integral part of the community and was used for classes including Irish, English, music, civics and agricultural science. It was also used as a venue to settle land disputes and teach tenants rights. Dances were also held there. He was seen as a major threat to the status quo of the region and the Free State army made a failed attempt to arrest him there in August 1922. Knowing he was ahead of his time and experiencing such opposition he left again for New York. He returned in 1932 to look after his parents and hoped that the time might at last be ripe for some progressive politics. He founded and led the Revolutionary Workers Party and reopened the hall and began again holding meetings and dances there. He also spoke at many evictions of tenants and joined the local IRA. The establishment of the time felt very threatened by his ideas and ways and the local parish priest called the hall a “den of iniquity” from the pulpit and said that it should be closed. This all resulted in a shot being fired into the hall and an attempt being made to blow it up. It was eventually burnt to the ground on Christmas Eve 1932. Gralton had been home less than a year.
Under mounting pressure from the Catholic Church the De Valera led Fianna Fail government ordered Gralton to be deported as an “undesireable alien”. He went on the run and found many willing to protect him but was ultimately found and deported in August 1933, making him the only Irish person to have ever been deported from their own country and the source of a deep national shame. Back in New York he became a trade union organiser and member of the Irish Workers’ Club. He reprinted James Connolly’s pamphlets, raised funds for the International Brigades in Spain, and for the remainder of his life was an active member of the Communist Party of the USA. He died there in 1945 aged 56.
At time of writing a film by Ken Loach is in pre-production about Gralton’s life and his experiences in the Ireland of that time. A musical play called Jimmy Gralton’s Dancehall was performed in 2012. A plaque to him has also been erected in Carrick-on-Shannon in more recent years. The site of the hall, opposite the Swan Lake bar in Effernagh, which is marked by a plaque, has become something of a point of pilgrimage for many in the socialist movement and otherwise who would today share his progressive ideas.
James (Jimmy) Gralton:
Excerpts from Jimmy Gralton's Dancehall:
The Jimmy Gralton Film Club:
Loach to make film about Irish deportee Jim Gralton: